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Protection goals in environmental risk assessment: a practical approach

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dc.contributor.author García Alonso, Mónica
dc.contributor.author Raybould, Alan
dc.date.accessioned 2021-01-20T00:20:07Z
dc.date.available 2021-01-20T00:20:07Z
dc.date.issued 2013-10-24
dc.identifier.issn 0962-8819
dc.identifier.issn 1573-9368
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.conacyt.gov.py/jspui/handle/123456789/42852
dc.description.abstract Policy protection goals are set up in most countries to minimise harm to the environment, humans and animals caused by human activities. Decisions on whether to approve new agricultural products, like pesticides or genetically modified (GM) crops, take into account these policy protection goals. To support decision-making, applications for approval of commercial uses of GM crops usually comprise an environmental risk assessment (ERA). These risk assessments are analytical tools, based on science, that follow a conceptual model that includes a problem formulation step where policy protection goals are considered. However, in most countries, risk assessors face major problems in that policy protection goals set in the legislation are stated in very broad terms and are too ambiguous to be directly applicable in ERAs. This means that risk assessors often have to interpret policy protection goals without clear guidance on what effects would be considered harmful. In this paper we propose a practical approach that may help risk assessors to translate policy protection goals into unambiguous (i.e., operational) protection goals and to establish relevant assessment endpoints and risk hypotheses that can be used in ERAs. Examples are provided to show how this approach can be applied to two areas of environmental concern relevant to the ERAs of GM crops. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Springer en_US
dc.relation.uri http://dspace.conacyt.gov.py/jspui/bitstream/123456789/42852/1/Protection-goals-in-environmental-risk-assessment.pdf
dc.subject Tasación del riesgo ambiental en_US
dc.subject Cultivos transgénicos en_US
dc.subject Evaluación de riesgo ambiental en_US
dc.subject Protección del medio ambiente en_US
dc.title Protection goals in environmental risk assessment: a practical approach en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dcterms.bibliographicCitation Transgenic Research, 2014, p. 945–956
dc.contributor.email mgarcia@estelconsult.com
dc.contributor.email alan.raybould@syngenta.com

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